A Guide to Critical Thinking


Page: 176
Format: 130 X 195 mm

Word: ≈9 000
ISBN:  978-9941-30-672-3

A Guide to Critical Thinking

Author: Gigi Tevzadze


Critical thinking is one of the most important skills in the modern world. The author maintains that there are two concepts of critical thinking: one is more popular and is connected to an adequate interpretation of a text, the skill relatively easily checked through school tests. The second presupposes the method applied by many philosophers throughout centuries: it implies distancing ourselves from the object under observation, thinking out of the box in which we exist and focusing on the origin and the essence of the object or the box itself. The author thinks that the method regarded as the domain of the pure reasoning has today become applicable in our everyday life. Critical thinking as a method and skill is the road to success in every sphere – business, science, art or politics.

In the author’s opinion, one of the main characteristics of the modern world is that not only philosophers see the necessity to think outside the box, to look at the boxes in which we exist from the outside. Philosophy has spent centuries working on the methods and ways of ‘leaving the box’, that is why the most valuable experience of critical thinking is to be sought in philosophical texts.

Ultimately, this book is not only an attempt to present the experience of critical thinking, but also a clear example of how philosophy should be taught in the 21st century: as the experience of critical thinking and its history.

The book consists of two sections:

The first includes four main questions related to critical thinking, or the main issues of philosophy that originated in Ancient Greece and became the foundation of philosophy as such and critical approach in particular.

The second section covers those statements that are still valid for critical thinking though they may have been put forward a hundred or two hundred years ago. It is believed that the statements offered in the book will assist readers to apply a different, ‘an outside’ look at the prevalent views existing around us, at the traditional or falsified information, and many beliefs and social facts based on them.

A list of recommended literature for further reading is provide at the end of each chapter in case readers wish not to restrict themselves with only familiarizing with the questions and statements related to critical thinking. The list will enable those interested in philosophy to deepen their knowledge about the history and development of critical approach.

Original illustrations are an integral part of the publication. On the one hand, they provide an artistic explanation of the text and, on the other hand, offer additional information to the reader, often motivating them to apply critical thinking to what they have read, which presents a new approach to guide books in general.